Abdomen discomfort is very common in people within the age limit of 14-60 years. To prevent bloating and gas, people have to understand the underlying reasons. Severe epigastric pain can make people uncomfortable in sleeping due to the burning pain from the abdomen, chest and neck. Stomach cramps which can be caused by intestinal gas, food poisoning, colitis, gallstones or Crohn’s disease, which can in-turn cause abdominal bloating and gas, can also have an effect on the treatment for abdominal pain.
It is also important to know whether the ‘stomach’ pain occurs in the upper or lower part. Once you have diagnosed where it occurs, you should be able to more pin-point on the side. The left abdominal pain can have different reasons than the right abdominal pain.
What are the causes of Upper Stomach Pain?
Most people are not well versed with the word “Abdominal pain”. The body spaced between the thorax (chest) and pelvis is referred as “abdomen”. The loose term for this technical term is ‘stomach’. Epigastrium or the epigastric region is a part of the abdomen in the upper middle region. The upper abdominal pain is also called as “epigastric pain“. It just occurs below your ribs. The pain you experience can be dull or burning and may spread to the chest and back.
The most common causes of upper stomach pain are urinary tract infection, gallstone, gastritis and gastroesophagieal reflux disease (GERD). There are less common causes like gallbladder disease and others. About 1 in 61 users are having urinary tract infection as the primary cause for upper abdominal pain. The second important cause is GERD with a probability of 1 in 100 users. The third significant cause which causes upper stomach pain is “gastritis” with 1 in 272 users more likely to feel it.
Another important cause for mild upper abdominal pain and discomfort is mainly caused by stomach ulcer or esophageal regurgitation. If this pain occurs after lunch or dinner, it is most likely caused by epigastric gas. In some of the cases, upper abdominal pain with pain in multiple muscles is caused by too much exercise or muscle disease.
There are more severe causes for upper abdominal pain. These include heart attack, hepatitis (liver inflammation), and pneumonia.
What causes Abdominal Bloating?
When the abdomen fills with air or gas, your stomach can bloat. This causes the upper part to appear visually larger. The abdomen may feel hard or tight.
The five main causes of ‘stomach’ bloating are –
- Flatus (wind or flatulence)
- Faeces (constipation)
- Fat (being overweight)
- Foetus (being pregnant)
- Fluid (in the abdominal cavity)
Flatus is generally produced by the action of bacteria on the food we eat. Around 5 litres of gas per day is produced in the normal digestive tract. Wind is the most common cause for people complaining about bloated tummy. The key factors for this symptom is a combination of food intolerances and disturbance of bacterial flora in the gut.
Constipation can be caused by the increased use of pre-pared and refined foods. Also, being lazy and lethargic can also be the reason. Work pressure and stress can also make one prone to constipation. Being constipated also increases the chance of having gas in the digestive tract. This is due to the reason that bacterial are allowed to work longer on the food we eat.
If fluid accumulates in the stomach, it is medically known as “ascites”. This always indicates a serious health condition, but less likely to occur. If this condition occurs, the main reasons are –
- Heart problems
- Liver problems
- Kidney problems
- Certain types of infections (eg. Tuberculosis).
If you feel that stomach bloating is occurring due to any of the above conditions, then you should seek medical advice urgently.